Types of Access Control Systems

Access control systems limit access to your building as well as your data thus protecting your business both physically and digitally. However, not all access control systems are the same. There are three types of access control systems.

Mandatory Access Control (MAC)

This type of access control system limits users from accessing files and documents. Whenever a person attempts to access a file, the system will check their security attributes and determine whether they can access the file or not.

No one can break these rules and access protected files without proper security attributes. There is a security policy administrator who controls everything. This system is typically used in institutions with highly confidential documents such as military facilities.

Discretionary Access Control (DAC)

Discretionary access control is quite different from mandatory access control. It is less restrictive and gives the user control over all the files within the system. That means that once the person swipes the card and is granted access, they can access any data they want.

The owner determines who will have access to the building and the data. As opposed to MAC, DAC gives the user complete control over the company’s objects and enables them to give permission to others to access the objects.

Once they log in, a user can change security settings for other users. The downside of this access control system lies in the fact that users have complete control over a system’s objects.

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)

A role-based access control system significantly differs from DAC. With RBAC, the system administrator gives access based on roles in the company and employees’ job responsibilities. So how it works? The system administrator assigns roles to users/employees instead of assigning individuals.

Role-based access control systems are very sought after in the business world due to their efficiency. Contact us now for more information.